We’re currently experimenting with online literature circles at our school.

Certainly literature circles, book clubs, and discussion groups aren’t new tools for many teachers. For example, the Saskatoon Public School Board has some great resources on their website about different ways to run literature circles, as well as assessment and evaluation considerations.

However, the idea of running a literature circle online may be new for some teachers. We’re setting up Educircles.com as a way to help get more teachers using bulletin board software for online literature circles.

What do online literature circles look like?
Other teachers who are experimenting with Online Literature Circles
Five reasons why you should consider running online literature circles for your students.
– Our students were born in the digital age.
2. Using technology is often suggested as a strategy to help close the gender gap by engaging boys.
3. Online literature circles can provide students with an opportunity to post their work under pseudonyms.
4. Online literature circles have the potential to allow students from different classrooms in different schools to collaborate and discuss ideas because you don’t have to physically be in the same space to have the book talk.
5. Professionally speaking, running an online literature circle can provide an opportunity for different teachers to do common planning and marking.
Things to think about when setting up your Online Literature Circles
Current challenges we’re facing in implementing online literature circles with 8 different teachers and 11 different classes (Grade 7/8)
How do I create an online literature circle or virtual book club?
Challenges to getting (more) teachers to use Online Literature Circles and Virtual Book Clubs
– How to setup your own literature circles using phpBB software
Why did we choose Educircles as a name?
Why did we create Educircles?
What’s the plan?

What do online literature circles look like?

One of our colleagues implemented online literature circles at her previous school using free (open-source) bulletin board software (phpBB).  Students across several classes were divided into homogeneous groups based on reading ability. Novels were split into four parts for four weeks. Each week, students had to independently read their novel and participate in an online forum by answering questions posted by the teacher, as well as responding to their classmates. Once a week, students would physically meet to discuss the books.

Just as literature circles can look different from classroom to classroom, online literature circles can differ as well. The basic idea is moving the book talk from the physical classroom to the online classroom.

If you’ve ever taken an online course at a high school, college or university, this is essentially what we’re talking about when we talk about online literature circles.

Students log into a website and post responses to the teacher and other students about the text they are reading. Although we’re using the bulletin-board format for literature circles, you could also extend it to other subjects.

Other teachers who are experimenting with Online Literature Circles

Although not as common as in-class lit circles, online literature circles and virtual book clubs seem to be growing topics of discussion in some academic circles:

  • Sue Harris presented online literature circles at TechFiesta 2009 in San Antonio, TX. Miguel Guhlin, director of Instructional Technology for a large urban district in Texas posted some of her thoughts on his blog.
  • Terry Taylor (Lucerne Elementary Secondary School) presented “Online Literature Circles as an engaging way to learn” at the Rural Schools Conference in Oct 2008. They use Moodle as the platform for discussion and interaction. (Moodle and phpBB are both free, open-source solutions to consider for online lit circles.) If you visit the School District No 10 Moodle site, you can get a sense of the online literature circles from 2007 in their school board ranging from Grade 5/6/7 lit circles to grade 11/12 literature circles.  In fact, Terry has a teacher forum discussing online literature circles. (You can download a brochure PDF and Powerpoint overview of lit circles and virtual book clubs)
  • Online literature circles can also serve as a vehicle for collaboration among staff and students between two different high schools. (“Students who had full access [to the online forum] were both more motivated to participate and entered more fully into thinking about and discussing their books [compared with students corresponding by US mail]”)

Five reasons why you should consider running online literature circles for your students.

The idea of moving student conversations about books from just-in-the-classroom to an online forum is exciting and ground-breaking:

1. Our students were born in the digital age.

Using an online forum to talk about books means we can engage students in a way that a traditional classroom might not by tapping into their culture of texting, social networking and chatting online. (Using online discussion circles doesn’t mean teachers have to accept informal language or internet slang, u know. Students can be told that formal language is a requirement.)

2. Using technology is often suggested as a strategy to help close the gender gap by engaging boys.

3. Online literature circles can provide students with an opportunity to post their work under pseudonyms.

Our students currently participate in online literature circles using a student identification number (a 9 digit number). Although student numbers can always be linked to a real name by the teacher, for the most part, students don’t know each other by number. This means that their responses can be judged based on the merit of their ideas, as opposed to preconceived notions and stereotypes of who they are.

4. Online literature circles have the potential to allow students from different classrooms in different schools to collaborate and discuss ideas because you don’t have to physically be in the same space to have the book talk.

I think experiencing the global village by chatting online with students from a different school, culture, or continent is an exciting idea for students.  (Could you imagine video conferencing with a class overseas? Reading responses from students in a different time-zone?)

5. Professionally speaking, running an online literature circle can provide an opportunity for different teachers to do common planning and marking.

The online nature of the work means it’s easier to share student samples of work to discuss the question, what does a Level 3 (i.e. the state standard) look like in our school (or district.)

Online lit circles can serve as a vehicle to bring teachers together

  • to do common planning and activities (i.e. creating literature circles with students from different classes),
  • which can lead to common marking (i.e. marking student work from other classes in a genuine way because it impacts actual student assessment and evaluation, as opposed to a theoretical exercise),
  • which can lead to professional learning communities, discussions and debate about what a level 3 looks like,
  • which can lead to a better understanding of assessment criteria
  • which gets better communicated to the students
  • which can lead to better student performance
  • which can lead to an evolving and ongoing assessment process
  • which ultimately leads to student success.

Common marking and data-driven practices are supported by research to lead to student success. Having said that, moving towards common marking and data-driven practices is often met by resistance by teachers because it’s seen as an add-on to their work, instead of a tool to do the work.

So online lit circles becomes a vehicle that can lead towards common marking and data driven decision making (i.e. SMART goals) which ultimately leads to student improvement.

Things to think about when setting up your Online Literature Circles

Here are some things to consider when setting up your online literature circle:

  • What will your groups look like? Will they be grouped by reading ability, interest, or randomly? Will the groups include students from the same class, across several classes, or across several schools?
  • Do you want your students to post ideas using their real name or a pseudonym for anonymity?
  • How often do you want students to post responses? Will you set up guiding questions, or do you want the students to set up their own questions?
  • How will you moderate the online conversations? Will you post your opinions as a teacher account or as a student account? (Sometimes, posting an idea as a teacher will sway student opinion because you’re the “teacher.” In an online forum, you could create a student account to post your ideas to see if that makes a difference.)
  • Will your students be allowed to use MSN speak: omg, i know. lol :), or do you want them to use more formal language with proper writing conventions?
  • Will your literature circles be online only, in-class only, or a mix of online and in-class discussions?
  • How will you ensure that all students can log in and participate in the virtual book clubs? Not everyone has access to the internet at home. Not all students are tech-savvy.

Current challenges we’re facing in implementing online literature circles with 8 different teachers and 11 different classes (Grade 7/8)

We’re still in the infancy of doing online lit circles at our school. Here are some of the issues we’re grappling with:

  • figuring out the logistics with running the stories and groups;
  • setting up our students;
  • figuring out how to chase students for incomplete homework when they’re in a different class;
  • finding time to moderate conversations and steering students towards formal language;
  • creating a living rubric that evolves and gets refined as our understanding grows;
  • finding an effective way to share marks (i.e. Google Apps?);
  • generating buy-in and interest from teachers.
  • discussions about how reliable these student samples are, given that parents and other family members can help at home.
  • figuring out how to make sure students who do not have computers or internet access at home, can still do the work.

Having said that, it’s important to have other goals on the horizon to move us forwards. The idea of collaborating with other students and teachers in different schools, school boards, and countries is exciting.

How do I create an online literature circle or virtual book club?

There are several free software solutions that you can use for your online lit circles (i.e. phpBB,  Moodle,  WordPress,  Edublogs,  Educircles,  Wikispaces,  Google Docs)

Different software platforms have different features. Some are easier than others to setup.

  • Some software platforms are relatively easy to set up and get started with (i.e. WordPress.com, Edublogs.org, Wikispaces, Google Docs)
  • Others offer more flexibility but require you to get your own web hosting plan or use the school’s web host (if available) and install the open-source software yourself (i.e. phpBB, Moodle, WordPress.org)

At our school, we’re currently using phpBB for our virtual book clubs, however Moodle is also popular (i.e. School District No 10 Moodle site)

We like phpBB a lot, but it’s hard for the average teacher to set up. That’s why we’re setting up Educircles.com as a way to help get more teachers using this bulletin board software.

Challenges to getting (more) teachers to use Online Literature Circles and Virtual Book Clubs

There are a few challenges to getting (more) teachers on-board with online lit circles at the system (school board) level. To introduce online lit circles at your school, you need three key players:

  1. Someone (or a team) of teachers to design the questions, moderate the discussion, and assess the students.
  2. A computer person at the school to help the teachers and students log in, use the software, manage the groups and access to forums.
  3. Finally, you need an admin to install the software, help bulk upload the student accounts, set permissions, backup data, troubleshoot problems, and otherwise maintain the system.

Within an individual school, you can probably find several teachers in the first group, fewer teachers in the second group, but the bottle-neck will be finding teachers in the third group. (As a general rule, most teachers are too busy or lack the tech skills to do this.)

It’s hard to imagine many school districts adding the maintenance of online literature circle software to their portfolios which is what it would have to do for the system to make this easily accessible to all teachers and so it becomes harder to generate a critical mass of teachers using bulletin board software for online lit circles.

Perhaps that’s why we see companies like Wikispaces and Edublogs offering education editions of their software.

  • Hosting your own “private label” wikispace site in your school would cost $2000 per year ($4000 per year for the board.)
  • The Edublogs Campus solution to “centralize, create, control and manage blogs at your institution” starts at $900 per year. (Interesting, the Edublogs Campus solution is actually free, open-source software called WordPress Mu. However, Edublogs will administrate the software and make sure everything is up and running with plans starting at $900/yr.)

There are several teachers in the system who probably would jump on board with online literature circles through bulletin board software if it was easier to access. (For example, our board’s technology consultants push wikispaces and edublogs because they’re free, simple services for teachers.)

To our knowledge, no one has provided a service of making phpBB accessible to the education market (i.e. similar to what Edublogs has done with WordPress.) However, providing a service might be the easiest way of getting teachers to use bulletin board software.

If the back-end admin side is the limiting factor preventing teachers from using online literature circles, why not do that step for them?

  • It’s easy for individual teachers to set up their own online literature circles using phpBB if they have their own web host. (We use Bluehost and you can easily install phpBB with the click of the button.)  However, the average teacher is unlikely to shell out $115 per year for a shared hosting plan to “try” phpBB to see if they like it.
  • Sure, the school board might eventually be convinced to provide resources and personnel to administrate the bulletin board software, but on what kind of timeline?
  • And if the school board does come on board, it’s not necessarily a scalable model to include other schools from different boards. (School District No 10 has a great Moodle site, but it’s hard to imagine other school boards setting up online literature circles on that site.)


So, with that in mind, we’re creating the website, Educircles.com.

If you’re interested in starting an online literature circle with your class or school, let us know and we’ll help you get started.

Why did we choose Educircles as a name?

  • We already have an online literature circle website but the website name is specific to our school. Other teachers probably won’t want to create their literature circles with that website address.
  • Educircles.com is a generic enough term that allows expansion for other teachers and schools. (For example, MySchool.Educircles.com or 8-3.Educircles.com)
  • The .com means it can appeal to teachers from other countries.

Why did we create Educircles?

In order to achieve these two goals, we’re working towards  getting a critical mass of teachers doing online literature circles with their students using a common software in order to reach the tipping point and start to do online lit circles between different schools.

In order to get other schools on board with online lit circles, we have to help them to overcome some of the technical barriers.

What’s the plan?

Network with teachers in different schools to create accounts on educircles.com and experiment with online literature circles.

  • Some of these teachers might like doing literature circles on educircles.com.
  • Some of these teachers might go on to install the phpBB software on their own shared hosting plans or school servers.
  • Most importantly, some of these teachers might be interested in doing online literature circles together with our Grade 7/8 students. We would work together to pick some common texts, set up the students in the same online forum, and run the online literature circle sometime in Term 3. (Sometime in March, April or May 2010)

How can I set up my students on Educircles.com?

If you’re interested in starting an online literature circle with your class or school, leave a comment below with your name, school name and grade below and we’ll email you.

Ideally, we’re looking to network with students in Grade 7 and 8, but we’ll set up accounts for anyone in a K-12 school. (Who knows, maybe you’ll be able to find pen-pals with your own grade.)

After you leave a comment expressing your interest in this experiment, we can send you a guest account on our school’s online literature circle so you can get some ideas.

If you are interested in setting up an account, you’ll have to send us an excel file with a list of student and teacher user names and passwords, as well as what you want your site to be called (i.e. myname.educircles.com)

Eventually, this process could become automated, but for the time-being, we’re taking things one step at a time.

If you have any questions or suggestions, please leave a comment.

  1. Mr. Aspinall 9 years ago

    I’m interested. You may be on to something here…I could even see financial gain in the future.

    I’ll email you the other info.

  2. […] View his post HERE […]

  3. Bradley Millward 9 years ago

    I am a grade 7/8 teacher at Wilfrid Jury Public School in London, Ontario. I am interested in pursuing this idea.

  4. […] December 5th, 2009 by Mr Kuroneko · No Comments · Web Design for Teachers, WordPress Hello there! If you are new here, you might want to subscribe to the RSS feed for updates on this topic.We run several classroom blogs and professional sites, including this blog on using educational technology in the classroom. Mostly we use WordPress, but lately we’ve been experimenting with bulleting boards (phpBB) for our online literature circles. […]

  5. Digna 9 years ago

    I love this idea. I am setting up lit circles literally right now! I never thought of having virtual ones for my sixth grade students. I am definitely going to have to spend more time looking into and planning this for next year! This info is very thorough and very well organized. I’m wondering if this is possible through ePals? It’s a website online that allows you to hook up with classrooms all over the world? What do you think?

  6. Mr Kuroneko 9 years ago

    Hi Digna, good luck with your lit circles. It’s been a while since we’ve checked out ePals.

    I wonder how flexible it is in setting up and managing student user accounts. (We had our students use twitter in the classroom and it was a hassle to set up a class set of student accounts in addition to thinking about security / privacy concerns. We’ll have to have a closer look at ePals again. Cheers, Kisu

  7. BEVERLY GORDON 9 years ago

    Iam the Reading Coach at my schol site, I would like to start an online literature circle woth sixth graders. I am not good with technology so I will need lots of help. Can we be a part of this great activity.
    B. Gordon

  8. Kristin Dragos 8 years ago

    I’m a new teacher and very interested in online literature circles. I’d love the opportunity to see what you’ve done. Thanks.

    • Mr Kuroneko 8 years ago

      Hi Kristin, sorry for the delay.

      I’ve emailed you the link to one of our online literature circles as well as the user information. (It’s a private password protected site.) Welcome to teaching and good luck with your online lit circles.

  9. Lisa Munro 8 years ago

    I’m interested in starting up some online literature circles. Please let me know how I can start. I teach Grade 9 English and I am also the librarian. I would like to show the staff how to set up on-line literature circles.

  10. Mr Kuroneko 8 years ago

    Hi Lisa, sorry for the delay. Report cards have kept us busy. There are lots of different options for online literature circles. It just depends on how comfortable your teachers are with technology. You could always start a classroom blog: http://blog.classroomteacher.ca/5/how-to-start-an-educational-blog/#download

    We’ve set up a website for a few different classes (Grades 7/8) experimenting with literature circles. If you’re interested in seeing what that looks like, leave a comment and I can email you the website address and password. (It’s a private site right now.)

    We are looking to expand the trial literature circles with a few more classes, so if you’re interested let me know and we can set up some class accounts for you to experiment with. The only condition is that it’s under-construction, so your students and teachers might have to be patient as things develop. Let me know if you’re interested. Cheers, Kisu.

  11. Lynne Herbert 8 years ago

    I am the Principal at Hyden PS and am currentlty starting a literature circle with a group of Year 7 students. I am interested in pursuing this idea and connecting my students with students from other schools.

  12. J. Lambier 8 years ago

    I have a grade 8 class in Orangeville Ontario and am interested in online lit circles.

  13. Kelly 8 years ago

    I think this is a great idea. I am not teaching LA this coming year, but I would definitely use this next time I teach LA. I tried to bring our Literature circles onto the web last year using our class blog and discussion groups, and it got off to an okay start. This idea of yours is fabulous though, and would be a lot easier than each teacher trying to do it alone with what they have in front of them. I hope it works out.

  14. Joli Stanford Vincent 8 years ago

    I am a graduate student of Auburn University Montgomery and would love to do an online literature circle for the teacher work sample portion of my internship. I would love some advice.

    Joli Stanford Vincent
    Montgomery, Al

  15. Cari 8 years ago

    Hi. I have a grade 7 class and am looking for a new way to have my students participate in online literature circles.

  16. Noreen Etto 8 years ago

    Hi! I teach Grade 8 Language Arts, History, Math and Visual Arts at Gelngrove PS in Pickering Ontario, Canada. I would like to start online lit circles. What novels would you recommend? How do I get started?! I am really excited about this. I ahve four other colleagues at my school who teach Intermediates and would also be interested.

  17. Gillian Britton 8 years ago

    I teach Grade 8 Language Arts and am planning an online Literature Circle unit to be done with a buddy class in Ottawa. Is it possible to set up one educircles account for the students of both schools?

  18. Mike Mackenna 8 years ago

    Hi I’m interested in doing an online literature discussion circle. I teach at a school in Bogota Colombia and my email is mikemack42 at gmail dot com

  19. Dianna 8 years ago

    HI, I teach 4th & 5th grade Reading/Language Arts in Prince George’s County Maryland. I found this post very informative and helpful. I plan on beginning literature circles online with my students within the next couple weeks. We are beginning an author study on Ronald Dahl. I am going to check out educircles.com. If you have any advice, please send it to me. Thanks again for the information you have provided in this blog!

    • Mr Kuroneko 7 years ago

      Educircles.com is currently in development. We use it for our classes and a handful of other teachers. If you’re interested in seeing what we’re doing (and perhaps setting up an account for your students as well), please leave us a comment here. The service is currently provided free of charge but with no guarantees. (It is still under development.)

  20. tonia genco 7 years ago

    I’m interested! with grades 4 and 5. Please send me the info.

  21. Mrs. Kosbob 7 years ago

    I am interested in setting up an online literature circle with 9th grade students beginning this fall. I am currently writing a grant to obtain funding for books and software needs. Please let me know if Educircles.com would be available to host this project.

    • Mr Kuroneko 7 years ago

      Hi Mrs. Kosbob, we’re doing some renovations to Educircles this summer and plan on opening up the online literature circles to a limited number of schools. We will email you closer to August. Good luck with your grant writing.

  22. Mrs Bahri 7 years ago

    I would LOVE the opportunity to have an online literature circle for my 5th grade students. I will be taking the 21things for educators course this fall and would be glad to put this in my portfolio to share with others. Please let me know if there is room for us! How exciting!

    • Mr Kuroneko 7 years ago

      Hi Mrs Bahri, we sent you more information to your email address.

  23. Angela 7 years ago

    I would also like the opportunity to create an online literature circle unit for my 8th grade students.

    Thanks in advance.

    • Mr Kuroneko 7 years ago

      Hi Angela – an email was sent to you with information about creating an online literature circle.

  24. Tina Cunard 7 years ago

    I am very interested in online literature circles. More information would be greatly appreciated as I work in the online education field with home school students, this would be great to help them connect through literature.

  25. Mr Kuroneko 7 years ago

    Hi Tina – I replied to your email address with more information.

  26. Katie Koenig 7 years ago

    Hello! I am very interested in implementing online literature circles into my reading curriculum. If it is possible to still receive information, I would greatly appreciate it. Thanks!

    • Mr Kuroneko 6 years ago

      Hi Katie, we’re open to a very limited number of teachers and students. If you’re still interested, drop a note on http://educircles.org

  27. Lynn 6 years ago

    Hi! I have a 4th grade class, and we are hoping to do a digitial literature circle with 2 other classes (we’ve already emailed) but are looking for a ‘host’ system. My school district has tight security and usually kids can’t access wikis or blogs. But I’d be interested to find out more about educircles, and to see if they would work. We use Edmodo a lot, and that may end up being the host we use as I know it is ok with our district filtering!

  28. Andrea Helart 6 years ago

    I will be teaching Literature Circles for grade 2-3 and 4-5 transitioning students during summer school. We are trying to incorporate STEAM methodology, so online literature circles would be a great addition to this unit. Please let me know how I can become involved.

    • Mr Kuroneko 6 years ago

      Hi Andrea, Lynn,

      Unfortunately at this point, we are not accepting more clients for the next little bit. When we get the chance, more information will be posted here: http://educircles.org/

      Good luck with your projects and sorry for the inconvenience!

  29. Sami Moyers 6 years ago

    Hi! My school is currently in the process of going 1-1 this upcoming school year and I am always looking for ways to incorporate technology into my classrooms. I currently teach High School Language Arts, primarily grades 9-10 and last year I did a little with online lit circles through edublogs, and edmodo. This upcoming year my school has purchased schoology as our LMS so I’m hoping I can easily move things over. In my experience, just by adding the technology component to our reading helped engage some of my more reluctant readers. I also found that my students were much more careful with their proofreading before posting since they realized their peers could instantly read what they had written and didn’t want to be criticized by their peers! Thanks for your blog and sharing your experiences!

    • Mr Kuroneko 6 years ago

      Hi Sami,

      Thanks for sharing your experiences. I find the technology component hit and miss in terms of engagement. Generally speaking (and more particularly for boys), I find technology gets more buy-in from students, however, I’ve also had experiences where the students were technophobic or had poor troubleshooting skills and consequently disengaged when a technology solution was provided.

      What age group were your students that proofread their posts more to avoid peer criticism? I found that initially a few years ago, but more and more lately, I’ve been finding my grade 7 and 8 students immersed in a texting generation and I see blog posts peppered with lowercase i among other things.

      Cheers, Kisu

      • Sami Moyers 6 years ago

        I teach high school and this was the first year that we have done a lot with technology. I found that despite my “preaching” about how it would be on the internet and public for all to read so make sure you proofread, the first time the kids just didn’t care and posted stuff. But then, as they could hear the others reading their stuff or as they read others’ they realized that I was not just “preaching” and that they should be careful when the post. Although it takes a lot of reminding and sometimes “nagging” my kids are doing a MUCH better job knowing when “texting laungauge” is okay and when it is not!

        • Mr Kuroneko 6 years ago

          Hey Sami, I agree. I think there is a time when texting language is okay, and definitely times when it’s not. I think hearing others reading your stuff is a great reminder that we’re not writing into the void, although sometimes it can feel that way. Sounds like your students had a great experience with their online lit circles.

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